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Record Number


PROSEA Handbook Number

12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3


Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.

This article should be read together with the article on the genus: Acacia in the Handbook volume indicated above in this database.


Sp. pl. 4: 1090 (1806).

Vernacular Names

Indonesia: areuy garut (Sundanese), ri got, rembete (Javanese). Cambodia: thmâ: roëb'. Laos: 'han, 'han 'kha:w (Louang Prabang). Thailand: nam khi raet (south-western), cha om (central, peninsular), phakla (northern). Vietnam: d[oj]c t[aw]ng (Binh Tri Thiên), m[os]c m[ef]o (Bac Thai), d[aa]y s[oos]ng r[aws]n.


India, Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands and south-western Sulawesi.


Acacia pennata has been used in Laos against anaemia. In India, a decoction of young leaves is taken to treat body pain, headache and fever, and a decoction of the roots is applied against rheumatism and cough. The bark is used in India as a substitute for soap, and for tanning fishing nets and to produce reddish-brown leather with a stiff, somewhat harsh structure. Acacia pennata is sometimes cultivated in hedges in Thailand, and the leaves are occasionally used as a vegetable.


A scandent shrub or liana; leaflets chartaceous, lateral veins of leaflets not forming a reticulate pattern beneath, glands on petiole and rachis circular to broadly elliptical or patelliform; flower glomerules 6—8 mm in diameter; pod oblong, (6.5—)9—15.5 cm x 1.5—2.5 cm.Acacia pennata is found in the drier parts of Malesia in monsoon forest and scrub vegetation, up to 1200 m altitude.

Selected Sources

[121]Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co- operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A—H) pp. 1—1240, Vol. 2 (I— Z) pp. 1241—2444.
[182]Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1985. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. Revised Edition. Vol. 1. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India. 513 pp.
[237]Evans, C.S., Bell, E.A. & Johnson, E.S., 1979. N-methyltyramine, a biologically active amine in Acacia seeds. Phytochemistry 18: 2022—2023.
[247]Flora Malesiana (various editors), 1950—. Foundation Flora Malesiana. Rijksherbarium/Hortus Botanicus, Leiden, the Netherlands.
[249]Flora of Thailand (various editors), 1970—. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department, Bangkok, Thailand.
[250]Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Viêtnam [Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam] (various editors), 1960—. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
[334]Heyne, K., 1950. De nuttige planten van Indonesië [The useful plants of Indonesia]. 3rd Edition. 2 volumes. W. van Hoeve, 's-Gravenhage, the Netherlands/Bandung, Indonesia. 1660 + CCXLI pp.
[512]Kulkarni, D.K., Kumbhojkar, M.S. & Nipunage, D.S., 1990. Note on fish stupefying plants from western Maharashtra. Indian Forester 116: 331—333.


S. Aggarwal

Correct Citation of this Article

Aggarwal, S., 2003. Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.. In: Lemmens, R.H.M.J. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors): Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(3): Medicinal and poisonous plants 3. PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Database record:

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