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Record Number


PROSEA Handbook Number

12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2


Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet

This article should be read together with the article on the genus: Abutilon in the Handbook volume indicated above in this database.


Hort. Brit. 1: 54 (1826).

Vernacular Names

Country mallow, moon-flower (En). Fausse guimauve (Fr). Indonesia: belangan sumpa (Palembang), cemplok (Javanese), kecil (Moluccas). Malaysia: bunga kisar, kembang lohor (Peninsular). Philippines: malbas, tabing (Tagalog), dalupang (Bisaya). Thailand: phong phaang (eastern), khrop fan see (central), ma kong khaao (northern). Cambodia: dok toc lai. Laos: houk phao ton. Vienam: c[oos]i xay, d[awf]ng xay.


Abutilon indicum occurs in tropical and warm temperate countries throughout the world. Some varieties are restricted to the Old World.


Abutilon indicum leaves are widely used as a demulcent and a diuretic. The decoction of the leaves, flowers or seeds is also used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers.


A very variable undershrub, usually up to 1 m tall; stems, petioles and pedicels densely covered with downy stellate hairs, no glandular hairs; corolla yellow to pale orange, without purple centre; seed glabrous, or covered with tiny scales or minute stellate hairs. Abutilon indicum is very common ruderally around villages and roadsides, along the beach and in secondary bushes, at low altitudes.

Selected Sources

[75] Bagi, M.K., Kalyami, G.A., Dennis, T.J., Akshaya, K.K. & Kakrani, H.K., 1985. A preliminary pharmacological screening of Abutilon indicum: 2. Analgesic activity. Fitoterapia 56(3): 169—171.
[135] Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A—H) pp. 1—1240, Vol. 2 (I—Z) pp. 1241—2444.
[201] Chuakul, W., Saralamp, P., Paonil, W., Temsiririrkkul, R. & Clayton, T. (Editors), 1997. Medicinal plants in Thailand. Vol. II. Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. 248 pp.
[215] Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1948—1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. 11 volumes. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.
[264] Doan Thi Nhu, Nguyen Thuong Thuc, Do Huy Bich & Vu Thuy Huyen (Editors), 1990. Les plantes médicinales au Vietnam. Livre 1. Médicine traditionelle et pharmacopée [The medicinal plants of Vietnam. Volume 1. Traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia]. Agence de coopération Culturelle et Technique, Paris, France. 201 pp.
[332] Gaind, K.N. & Chopra, K.S., 1976. Phytochemical investigations of Abutilon indicum. Planta Medica 30(2): 174—185.
[380] Gutierrez, H.G., 1980—1982. An illustrated manual of Philippine materia medica. 2 volumes. Natural Research Council of the Philippines, Tagig, Metro Manila, the Philippines. Vol. 1 (1980) pp. 1—234, Vol. 2 (1982) pp. 235—485.
[701] Mukherjee, A., 1994. Effect of certain phenoxy herbicides on mortality, growth and seed output of Abutilon indicum (L.) Sw. Acta Botanica Hungarica 38(1/4): 335—343.
[739] Nguyen Van Duong, 1993. Medicinal plants of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Mekong Printing, Santa Ana, California, United States. 528 pp.
[786] Perry, L.M., 1980. Medicinal plants of East and Southeast Asia. Attributed properties and uses. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States & London, United Kingdom. 620 pp.


Balu Perumal

Correct Citation of this Article

Perumal, B., 2001. Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet. In: van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors): Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Database record:

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