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Record Number


PROSEA Handbook Number

12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2


Acalypha hispida Burm.f.

This article should be read together with the article on the genus: Acalypha in the Handbook volume indicated above in this database.


Fl. ind.: 203, t. 61, fig. 1 (1768).


Acalypha densiflora Blume (1826).

Vernacular Names

Red hot cat-tail, chenille plant (En). Indonesia: buntut kuching (Malay, Jakarta), tali anjing (Sundanese), wunga tambang (Javanese). Malaysia: buntut kuching, ekur kuching. Thailand: mai prom (northern), haang krarok daeng (central), huu plaa chon (southwestern). Vietnam: tai t[uw][owj]ng xanh, tai t[uw][owj]ng du[oo]i ch[oof]n.


Supposed to have originated in New Guinea, frequently cultivated elsewhere throughout Malesia and other tropical regions.


In Indonesia, the roots and flowers, fresh or in decoction, are considered a remedy for haemoptysis. The leaves are used to treat thrush. In Malaysia a decoction of the leaves and flowers is externally applied as an emollient to wounds and ulcers; internally it is used as a laxative and diuretic in gonorrhoea. The bark is applied as an expectorant in asthma.


A shrub up to 3 m tall; leaves ovate, 9—20 cm x 7—15 cm, base broadly cuneate, apex narrowly acute or obtuse, margin serrate, petiole 1—5(—10) cm long; female inflorescence pendulous, 10—50 cm long, thick, with a dense mat of crimson styles. In cultivation, usually var. sander (N.E. Br.) J.J. Smith is encountered, which has a more robust habit, larger green, slightly cordate leaves, with longer petioles and longer female inflorescences.

Selected Sources

[31] Airy Shaw, H.K., 1972. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bulletin 26: 191—363.
[33] Airy Shaw, H.K., 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea. Kew Bulletin Additional Series VIII. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, United Kingdom. 243 pp.
[35] Airy Shaw, H.K., 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.). Kew Bulletin 37: 1—40.
[36] Airy Shaw, H.K., 1983. An alphabetical enumeration of the Euphorbiaceae of the Philippines Islands. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. 56 pp.
[74] Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr, R.C., 1964—1968. Flora of Java. 3 volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands. Vol. 1 (1964) 647 pp., Vol. 2 (1965) 641 pp., Vol. 3 (1968) 761 pp.
[135] Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A—H) pp. 1—1240, Vol. 2 (I—Z) pp. 1241—2444.
[215] Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1948—1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. 11 volumes. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.
[407] Heyne, K., 1950. De nuttige planten van Indonesië [The useful plants of Indonesia]. 3rd Edition. 2 volumes. W. van Hoeve, 's-Gravenhage, the Netherlands/Bandung, Indonesia. 1660 + CCXLI pp.
[459] Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M., 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 4 volumes. The MacMillan Press Ltd., London, United Kingdom. 3353 pp.
[662] Matthew, K.M., 1981—1988. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. 4 volumes. The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli, India.
[786] Perry, L.M., 1980. Medicinal plants of East and Southeast Asia. Attributed properties and uses. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States & London, United Kingdom. 620 pp.
[813] Radcliffe-Smith, A., 1987. Euphorbiaceae (Part 1). In: Polhill, R. (Editor): Flora of Tropical East Africa. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands & Boston, United States. pp. 1—407.


Arbayah H. Siregar

Correct Citation of this Article

Siregar, A.H., 2001. Acalypha hispida Burm.f.. In: van Valkenburg, J.L.C.H. and Bunyapraphatsara, N. (Editors): Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 12(2): Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. Database record:

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